Installing Gui on Debian

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How to Install Graphical User Interface (GUI) for Debian Cloud Servers


Most Linux servers have a basic operating system that lacks a graphical user interface, which is a type of user interface that provides a graphical interface for interacting with your system. Typically, administrators use CLI-based tools and configurations to manage it. In this article, we explain how to set up GUI on a Linux server with the Debian operating system.

The installation steps are as follows:

First, run the following commands to update your Debian system

$ sudo apt update

$ sudo apt -y upgrade

Install the gui using the following command:

In addition, the installation process requires a lot of time to complete.

$ sudo apt -y install task-gnome-desktop

After the GUI is installed, you can log in with the following command, it will display the GUI.

$ sudo systemctl set-default

By default, the root user is disabled, and to enable root access, you must perform the following steps:

First, ssh to your server and enter the following command:

$ vi /etc/pam.d/gdm-password

After typing this command, please find the line that displays the following text.

auth  required user != root quiet_success

Then put a # or // before this text so that this text is not read in another language, that is, it should be deleted as follows:

#auth  required user != root quiet_success

And then reboot your server once with the command below:

$ reboot

Use cases

The Debian GUI is suitable for a variety of applications, from personal computing to enterprise-level applications. Some of the everyday uses for GUI in Debian are:

Desktop computing: allows users to browse the web, edit documents, manage files, and more.

Server administration: Tasks such as monitoring system performance, managing user accounts, and configuring network settings are used.

Development: Provides various tools and programs for software development, such as code editors, and debugging tools.

Education: It is used for educational and learning purposes as it provides a user-friendly interface for students and teachers.

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